Tag Archives: Serotonin

Cytokines, Depression, and Psychoneuroimmunology

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Cytokines such as interferon (IFN)-alpha may cause dopamine depletion and affect the pathways of monoamine metabolism. Their alterations may result in behavioral changes including depression, psychomotor slowing, and fatigue (Miller, … Continue reading

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Anxiety and Polymorphisms in the Serotonin Transporter

Anxiety has been associated with transporter-assisted uptake of serotonin.  Many antidepressant and antianxiety drugs are selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Polymorphisms of the gene for the serotonin transporter (SERT, or SLC6A4) have been found to influence its functions and activities. … Continue reading

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Neurotransmitters and Their Functions

There are different types of neurotransmitters. For example, glutamate (glu) is involved in the excitation of the central nervous system (CNS). Aspartate (asp) is involved in the excitation of the brain and spinal cord. Gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is involved in … Continue reading

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Functions of Neurotransmitters

Functions of Neurotransmitters   Neurotransmitters Functions Disorders from insufficiency Disorders from oversupply Acetylcholine Memory; muscle movement (contraction) Alzheimer’s disease, dementia Convulsions/spider bite/nerve gas Dopamine Cognition; sensory; movement Parkinson’s disease, sensory deficits, tremors Delusions, hallucinations, methamphetamine addiction Endorphins Suppress pain; improve … Continue reading

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