How can mindfulness-based approaches affect psychological and physical health among those who are overweight or obese? A recent meta-analysis examined randomized controlled trials and focused on 15 relevant studies involving 560 individuals (Rogers et al., 2017). The study found that the average weight loss from the results of these trials was 4.2 kg.
In addition, the mindfulness-based interventions may have strong to moderate influences on health in many aspects including eating attitudes and behaviors, as well as psychological health such as depression and anxiety (Rogers et al., 2017). The approaches may also affect body mass index (BMI) and metacognition.
The study found that the median dose of the face-to-face interventions was 12 hours. However, no more efficacy advantage was observed beyond such median dose. Among the different interventions, the method of “Acceptance and Commitment Therapy” was found to improve BMI significantly (Rogers et al., 2017).
The meta-analysis concluded that the mindfulness-based interventions could promote physical and psychological health for overweight or obese people (Rogers et al., 2017). The relevant trials have also demonstrated that more studies are necessary for understanding the scientific mechanisms of the mindfulness-based interventions for obesity and weight loss.
Rogers, J. M., Ferrari, M., Mosely, K., Lang, C. P., & Brennan, L. (2017). Mindfulness-based interventions for adults who are overweight or obese: a meta-analysis of physical and psychological health outcomes. Obesity Reviews : An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 18(1), 51–67. https://doi.org/10.1111/obr.12461