Peri- and post-menopausal women often have both mental and physical health problems, including sleep complaints, hot flashes, and depression. These problems may also cause the impairment of cognition and lead to cognitive decline (Sliwinski et al., 2014). The decrease in estrogen generation may be associated with the alterations in memory. Other factors such as sleep quality and mood changes are also relevant.
Although hormone therapy may elevate the levels of estrogen, it often has side effects and may not be applicable for many women. Another choice for the post-menopausal women is mind-body medicine, which has been found effective on relieving hot flashes and improving sleep quality and mood. In addition to these benefits, mind-body medicine has been suggested to alleviate the signs of cognitive decline (Sliwinski et al., 2014).
To tackle the problem of cognitive declines among peri- and post-menopausal women, a conceptual framework was proposed for using mind-body methods alone or together with hormone therapy (Sliwinski et al., 2014). To apply these methods effectively, further studies including clinical trials are needed to assess the efficacy of the different mind–body techniques for promoting cognitive capacity among this group of population. The investigation of the scientific mechanisms of these techniques would also be helpful for designing the intervention strategies targeting this specific problem.
Sliwinski JR, Johnson AK, Elkins GR. Memory Decline in Peri- and Post-menopausal Women: The Potential of Mind-Body Medicine to Improve Cognitive Performance. Integr Med Insights. 2014 Aug 3,9:17-23. doi: 10.4137/IMI.S15682.