Tag Archives: Neurons

Stress, Skin Disorders, and Psychoneuroimmunology

With a history of about 30 years, psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) studies the interactions among psychological activities, the nervous system, and the immune system. In the area of dermatology, many dermatologic diseases have been found to be related to mental and psychological … Continue reading

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The Integration of Immunology and Neuroscience

Although immunology and neuroscience are seemingly two different and separate disciplines, recent findings have blurred the boundaries between them. For example, a cytokine that was previously clearly defined in the immune system, interleukin-1 (IL-1), has been found to have the … Continue reading

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Review of Systems Biology Approaches: Detecting Signaling Pathways in Neurons

Temporal dynamics and spatial features are important factors in cell responses including synaptic plasticity. The complex network and interactions among neuronal signaling pathways result in emergent dynamical behaviors associated with synaptic plasticity. Signaling pathways can be activated by transmembrane receptors … Continue reading

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Microglia, Polydendrocytes, Ependymal cells, and the Embryonic Neural Tube

Microglia are macrophages in the brain. Macrophages are the immune cells in the blood and other parts of the body. Microglia can be activated upon neuronal damages or infections, to destroy foreign stuff or pathogens, as well as necrotic tissues. … Continue reading

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Synapses, Gap Junctions, and Glia: Their Structures, Functions, and Features

Synapses are the regions between the terminal of an axon and the receptors on other cells. Neurotransmitters can bring the messages across the synapses. Synapses can be open or enclosed, large or small. Synaptic inputs can affect the neuron activities. … Continue reading

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Structure of the Neurons: Dendrites, Axons, and Membrane Potentials

Types of cells in the nervous system There are two types of cells in the nervous system. One type of cells are called neurons, the other type of cells are called glia. Studies have found that there are about 86 … Continue reading

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Meditation, the Brain, Neurons, and Neurotransmitters

Meditation can help promote health in various dimensions, including physical, mental, spiritual, emotional, intellectual, and social. The scientific studies and the scans of the meditating brain found that the blood flow condition may be improved in the brain, with improved … Continue reading

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Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain: Different Species

Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain: Different Species   Species Source Name Purposes/Features/Methods Contents Applications URL References Mouse 3D digital atlas database of the mouse brain Lower spatial resolution images were utilized to enhance time efficiency for morphological phenotyping The in … Continue reading

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Central Nervous System Communication: Neurons and Glia

Central Nervous System Communication: Neurons and Glia   Cells/structures Types Functions Features Neurons Sensory neurons Transform physical energy -> sense messages -> the brain Compose the afferent tracts of the nervous system Motor neurons Transmit information from the brain -> … Continue reading

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