Tag Archives: nervous system

Massage Therapy for Pediatric Cancer

Massage therapy has been suggested as a helpful complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) intervention for children with cancer. For example, a meta-analysis of 70 reports showed that massage therapy can be beneficial for alleviating anxiety, depression, constipation, pain, and hypertension … Continue reading

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Stress, Skin Disorders, and Psychoneuroimmunology

With a history of about 30 years, psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) studies the interactions among psychological activities, the nervous system, and the immune system. In the area of dermatology, many dermatologic diseases have been found to be related to mental and psychological … Continue reading

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The Integration of Immunology and Neuroscience

Although immunology and neuroscience are seemingly two different and separate disciplines, recent findings have blurred the boundaries between them. For example, a cytokine that was previously clearly defined in the immune system, interleukin-1 (IL-1), has been found to have the … Continue reading

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Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) and Human Social Genomics

Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) studies the relationships between behaviors and health, especially the role of immunological mechanisms underlying how the mind and body interact. That is, the interactions between the behavior and immunity, as well as the nervous system. The human adaptive … Continue reading

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Synapses, Gap Junctions, and Glia: Their Structures, Functions, and Features

Synapses are the regions between the terminal of an axon and the receptors on other cells. Neurotransmitters can bring the messages across the synapses. Synapses can be open or enclosed, large or small. Synaptic inputs can affect the neuron activities. … Continue reading

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Structure of the Neurons: Dendrites, Axons, and Membrane Potentials

Types of cells in the nervous system There are two types of cells in the nervous system. One type of cells are called neurons, the other type of cells are called glia. Studies have found that there are about 86 … Continue reading

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Neuroscience Data and Neuroinformatics

Neuroscience Data and Neuroinformatics   Neuroscience Data   At least 50% genes of the mammalian genome are expressed by the nervous system (Sutcliffe et al., 1991). To understand brain-related diseases, it is necessary to map and study the expression patterns … Continue reading

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Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain: Different Species

Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain: Different Species   Species Source Name Purposes/Features/Methods Contents Applications URL References Mouse 3D digital atlas database of the mouse brain Lower spatial resolution images were utilized to enhance time efficiency for morphological phenotyping The in … Continue reading

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Neuroinformatics: An Introduction

Neuroinformatics: An Introduction The challenges in neuroinformatics   Challenges in making neuroinformatics databases and tools (Morse, 2008) The variety in spatial scales Various data types Traditional bioinformatics concentrates on Genomic and proteomic data Sequences (DNA, RNA, and protein molecules) Development … Continue reading

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The History and Branches of Psychology with Early Timelines

Branches  Focus Methods Founders/Pioneers Time Contributions Structuralism Experimental psychology   William Wundt 1879 Established the first psychology lab The basis of the structure of consciousness Introspection: studies and describes one’s own conscious processes Edward Titchener     Cognitive psychology The … Continue reading

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