Tag Archives: immune system

Childhood Trauma, Life Stress, and Risk Factors for Chronic Fatigue

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a common health problem, especially in cancer survivors. To provide better care and prevention for patients with fatigue, it is important to understand the risk factors for this health problem. Studies have linked childhood stress … Continue reading

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Grief, Bereavement and Immune Dysfunction: The Role of Psychoneuroimmunology

Mental and emotional reactions such as grief and bereavement have been linked to cortisol responses and neuroendocrine activations, as well as alterations in electroencephalography (EEG) records and sleep disorders (Buckley et al., 2012). More importantly, bereavement has been suggested to … Continue reading

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Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), Cytokines, and Immune Functions

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been associated with the malfunctions of multiple biological systems and pathways, especially the cytokines of the immune system. The altered immune functions may influence crucial neurodevelopmental processes (Napolioni et al., 2013). For example, the cytokines … Continue reading

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Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infections, Psychological Stress, and Mood Disorders

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a beta-herpes virus that may be associated with aging and many health problems. The infection of CMV can be asymptomatic. However, higher levels of serum cytokines including TNF-alpha and IL-6 have been observed in CMV infections, which … Continue reading

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Stress, Skin Disorders, and Psychoneuroimmunology

With a history of about 30 years, psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) studies the interactions among psychological activities, the nervous system, and the immune system. In the area of dermatology, many dermatologic diseases have been found to be related to mental and psychological … Continue reading

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The Integration of Immunology and Neuroscience

Although immunology and neuroscience are seemingly two different and separate disciplines, recent findings have blurred the boundaries between them. For example, a cytokine that was previously clearly defined in the immune system, interleukin-1 (IL-1), has been found to have the … Continue reading

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