Tag Archives: consciousness

The Effects of Meditation on Heart Rate Variability

Meditation, especially slow breathing, is known to influence the heart rate variability (HRV). Researchers in Taiwan studied the effects of inward attention during meditation on HRV (Wu and Lo, 2008). Inward attention is a critical process for achieving the state … Continue reading

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What is Mindfulness: The Concept and Practice

What is Mindfulness: The Concept and Practice   Mindfulness refers to the ability of complete and continuous awareness and consciousness. This state is especially helpful during emotional turmoil. Mindfulness is a skill derived from Buddhist psychology that has been practiced … Continue reading

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Lucid Dreaming and Meditation

Lucid dreaming is having the awareness consciously when you are dreaming. Only about 20% of people have reported to have lucid dreams frequently. Having lucid dreams is a skill that can be trained and learned. It can also be considered … Continue reading

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Breathing Exercises, Concentration, and Meditation

Breathing exercises can be the beginning step of meditation. Breath control is called “pranayama” in Sanskrit. Here “prana” refers to the life force in the universe (in yoga philosophy). Breathing can infuse this life force into your body, while giving … Continue reading

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Enlightenment and Buddhism Meditation

What is enlightenment? In Hinduism, the word “enlightenment” is “Samadhi.” In Buddhism, it is called “nirvana.” It refers to the perfect condition that the self is completely integrated into “a sense of oneness with the universe.” It is a state … Continue reading

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The History and Branches of Psychology with Early Timelines

Branches  Focus Methods Founders/Pioneers Time Contributions Structuralism Experimental psychology   William Wundt 1879 Established the first psychology lab The basis of the structure of consciousness Introspection: studies and describes one’s own conscious processes Edward Titchener     Cognitive psychology The … Continue reading

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