Tag Archives: Cognitive

High Salt Intake, Anxiety, and Aging

The aging processes are related to the functional weakening in the cognitive and cardiovascular aspects. Such changes may be influenced by external stressors such as high dietary salt intake, which may affect the cardiovascular and mental conditions. A study examined … Continue reading

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Long-Term Meditation and the Brain

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Transcendental meditation may promote the blood flow to the brain. The effects of meditation are quite different from those after simple rests or sleep. The practice of meditation may awaken … Continue reading

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Meditation and Professional Stress

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Yoga and meditation have many benefits. These practices can alleviate stress and anxiety, reduce mood disturbance, ease musculoskeletal problems, and improve both cognitive and physical performances. The mind-body approaches often … Continue reading

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Anxiety, Depression, and Inflammation: Physical and Cognitive Aspects

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology More and more evidences have related anxiety and depression to elevated systemic inflammation (Duivis et al., 2013). As complex disorders, anxiety and depression have heterogeneity in symptoms with both physical … Continue reading

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Depression, Anxiety, Asthma, and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often have psychiatric problems including cognitive dysfunction, anxiety, and depression (Bratek et al., 2015). A recent study investigated the roles of … Continue reading

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Cytokine Therapies and Psychiatric Disorders

Cytokine therapies including interferon-alpha (IF-alpha) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) have been used for cancers and chronic diseases including melanoma, hepatitis C, and multiple sclerosis. However, they may cause neuropsychiatric side effects (Myint et al., 2009). These side effects include depression, anxiety, … Continue reading

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Stress, Dysfunctional Attitudes, and Genetic Factors

What are the relationships among dysfunctional attitudes, stressful events, and genetic factors? How can these factors influence daily emotions? A multi-level daily diary study among 104 young adults was done to find out the links (Conway et al., 2015). The … Continue reading

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Mindfulness Meditation for Healing Insomnia

Meditation can help relieve insomnia through the detachment from the thoughts that are disturbing sleep or making someone wake up during sleep. Meditation in bed can help one falling sleep quickly and promote the sleep quality. The combination of mindfulness … Continue reading

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Potential Biomarkers for Anxiety

•    Potential Biomarker: Serum levels of lipid hydroperoxide (LOOH) •    Type:    Serum •    Relevance: The serum levels of lipid hydroperoxide have been considered as a potential biomarker for anxiety disorders among children (Ceylan et al., 2014). •    Potential Biomarker: Nighttime … Continue reading

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Alzheimer’s Disease and the Gene APOE (Apolipoprotein E)

The APOE gene has other symbols as “AD2”, “LPG”, “APO-E”, and “LDLCQ5”. It is located at 19q13.2. The APOE gene has important roles in cardiovascular diseases including myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, and coronary heart disease (Kathiresan et al. 2008). The … Continue reading

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Neuropsychiatric Disorders and the Gene COMT (Catechol-O-Methyltransferase)

The COMT gene has another symbol as “HEL-S-98n”. It is located at 22q11.21. It is an important enzyme in the process of metabolic degradation of catecholamines (Gogos et al., 1998). The 158met variant on the nondeleted allele has been related … Continue reading

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The Effects of Artificial Morning Light on Cognition

Chronic sleep restriction (SR) has detrimental influences on cognitive functions. Although such effects can be reduced by light exposure, it is necessary to find out if naturalistic light conditions such as dawn simulating light can promote daytime cognitive functions continuously … Continue reading

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Variations in Frontal Dysfunctions in BPD and ADHD

Impulsive behaviors are the important features of disorders including borderline personality disorder (BPD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Impulsivity has a broad meaning covering different aspects such as personality traits and cognitive functions (Sebastian et al., 2014). The concept includes emotion … Continue reading

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Psychoneuroimmunology of Schizophrenia and Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

Studies in the psychoneuroimmunology of schizophrenia have revealed not only the neurological and cognitive alterations, but also the continuous systemic inflammation and neuroinflammation associated with microglia activation in the disease (Debnath and Venkatasubramanian, 2013). Activated peripheral and central inflammatory responses … Continue reading

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Personality: A Summary of Theories, Concepts, and Stages

Personality: A Summary of Theories, Concepts, and Stages   Theories Concepts/Stages Features/Stages Features/Examples The psychoanalytic view (Freud and followers) Early childhood experiences and unconscious forces can shape behaviors     The developmental “crisis” (stages with conflicts) Trait theory Essential traits … Continue reading

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The History and Branches of Psychology with Early Timelines

Branches  Focus Methods Founders/Pioneers Time Contributions Structuralism Experimental psychology   William Wundt 1879 Established the first psychology lab The basis of the structure of consciousness Introspection: studies and describes one’s own conscious processes Edward Titchener     Cognitive psychology The … Continue reading

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