Tag Archives: Central nervous system

Depression and Skin Disorders

Depressive disorders are often seen together with skin disorders. The rate of the comorbidity of depression and dermatologic diseases is about 30% (Filaković et al., 2009). The disorders in psychodermatology have been classified into three categories (Filaković et al., 2009). … Continue reading

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Psychoneuroimmunology, Anxiety, and Inflammation

The emerging discipline of psychoneuroimmunology focuses on the interactions and cross talk among the immune system, the central nervous system (CNS), and behavior. For example, cytokines in the CNS have critical functions that can influence behavior. Such effects may result … Continue reading

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Psychoneuroimmunology and Addictive Disorders: Potential New Therapies

Addictive disorders are often chronic relapsing problems with high health, social, and economic costs. Problems such as alcohol use disorders affect about 76.4 million people globally, and drug use disorders affect about 15.3 million people (Loftis and Huckans, 2013). As … Continue reading

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Microglia, Polydendrocytes, Ependymal cells, and the Embryonic Neural Tube

Microglia are macrophages in the brain. Macrophages are the immune cells in the blood and other parts of the body. Microglia can be activated upon neuronal damages or infections, to destroy foreign stuff or pathogens, as well as necrotic tissues. … Continue reading

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Neurotransmitters and Their Functions

There are different types of neurotransmitters. For example, glutamate (glu) is involved in the excitation of the central nervous system (CNS). Aspartate (asp) is involved in the excitation of the brain and spinal cord. Gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is involved in … Continue reading

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Central Nervous System (CNS) and Peripheral Nervous System (PNS): Structures and Functions

Central nervous system (CNS) Main structures Protective structures Functioning structures Connection structures The brain (<-> cranial nerves), spinal cord ( <-> spinal nerves) Blood-brain barrier: prevents poisonous substances from entering into the brain; Skull: shield the brain from external; pia … Continue reading

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