Tag Archives: brain

The Effects of Qigong on Pain and Fibromyalgia (FMS)

Researchers investigated the effects of Qigong on pain using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) (Yu et al., 2007). They examined four male Qigong masters who had more than 30-year experience of Qigong practice. The researchers observed the change of brain … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mind-Body, Psychoneuroimmunology, Stress | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Health Benefits of Qigong for Chronic Diseases

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Researchers studied the clinical benefits and the possible psychophysiological mechanisms of Qigong through meta-analysis of the available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) (Ng and Tsang, 2009). They found that Qigong practices … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mind-Body, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Qigong Practice May Change the EEG Patterns

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Researchers in China studied the EEG pattern of a Qigong practitioner with 50 years of experiences in Qigong practice (Qin et al., 2009). They found that after 50 years of … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mind-Body, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , | Leave a comment

Long-Term Meditation and the Brain

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Transcendental meditation may promote the blood flow to the brain. The effects of meditation are quite different from those after simple rests or sleep. The practice of meditation may awaken … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mind-Body, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Depression, Anxiety, Asthma, and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Patients with asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) often have psychiatric problems including cognitive dysfunction, anxiety, and depression (Bratek et al., 2015). A recent study investigated the roles of … Continue reading

Posted in Mind-Body, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Anxiety, Depression, Diabetes, and High-Fat Diets

Depression and type 2 diabetes (T2D) are often seen together (Dutheil et al., 2016). What are the mechanisms in psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) associated with these diseases? What are the roles of high-fat diets in anxiety and depression? How can the high-fat … Continue reading

Posted in Mind-Body, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Fear, Anxiety, PTSD, GAD, and Inflammation

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Fear- and anxiety-associated problems have been related to inflammation. As evidences, pro-inflammatory biomarkers have been found to be associated with affective behaviors (Michopoulos et al., 2017). For example, in mental … Continue reading

Posted in Mind-Body, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Cytokines, Depression, and Psychoneuroimmunology

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Cytokines such as interferon (IFN)-alpha may cause dopamine depletion and affect the pathways of monoamine metabolism. Their alterations may result in behavioral changes including depression, psychomotor slowing, and fatigue (Miller, … Continue reading

Posted in Immune, Mind-Body, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Anxiety and Vaccine Responses in Early Adolescence

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology The field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) focuses on the studies of the interactions among psychological activities such as stress, and the nervous and immune systems. Many evidences have been identified through … Continue reading

Posted in Mind-Body, Psychoneuroimmunology, Stress | Tagged , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Stress, Depression, and Medial Prefrontal Cortex

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology Major depressive disorder (MDD) can be triggered by stress experiences. Studies have shown that stress may change the reward processing (Kumar et al., 2015). What are the effects of stress … Continue reading

Posted in Mind-Body, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Epilepsy and the Gene KCNT1 (Potassium Sodium-Activated Channel Subfamily T member 1)

The KCNT1 gene has other symbols as “ENFL5”, “SLACK”, “EIEE14”, “KCa4.1”, “Slo2.2”, and “bA100C15.2”. It is located at 9q34.3. Encoding a sodium-activated potassium channel, this gene is highly expressed in the brain (Nagase et al. 2000). It has been related … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Mind-Body, Psychiatric Genetics, Psychology, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Psychiatric Diseases and the Gene DISC1 (Disrupted in Schizophrenia 1)

The DISC1 gene has other symbols as “SCZD9” and “C1orf136”. It is located at 1q42.2. It is involved in the regulation of the AKT-mTOR signaling pathway and associated with embryonic and adult neurogenesis (Kim et al. 2009). DISC1 has been … Continue reading

Posted in Mind-Body, Psychiatric Genetics, Psychology, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Personalized Medicine

Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Personalized Medicine Psychological stress has been associated with higher levels of inflammation and the risks of many physical disorders including heart diseases. For example, chronic stress responses may cause a variety of skin disorders including allergic … Continue reading

Posted in Mind-Body, Psychiatric Genetics, Psychology, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology Although many chronic diseases such as cancer are apparently physical, they can lead to psychological distress. Chronic psychosocial stress may in turn affect the physical health negatively. Studies in psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) have shown that the … Continue reading

Posted in Psychiatric Genetics, Psychology, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neurophysiological Effects of A Mind-Body Intervention on Depression

Mind-body interventions may have beneficial effects on many psychological problems such as depression. A recent study investigated the neuroelectrophysiological effects of a Chan (Zen)-based Dejian mind-body intervention (DMBI) to understand its potential scientific mechanisms (Chan et al., 2013). The study … Continue reading

Posted in Mind-Body | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Psychoneuroimmunology, Anxiety, and Inflammation

The emerging discipline of psychoneuroimmunology focuses on the interactions and cross talk among the immune system, the central nervous system (CNS), and behavior. For example, cytokines in the CNS have critical functions that can influence behavior. Such effects may result … Continue reading

Posted in Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Variations in Frontal Dysfunctions in BPD and ADHD

Impulsive behaviors are the important features of disorders including borderline personality disorder (BPD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Impulsivity has a broad meaning covering different aspects such as personality traits and cognitive functions (Sebastian et al., 2014). The concept includes emotion … Continue reading

Posted in Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The dynamic brain networks, MRI, and neuroimaging biomarkers

Processes in the cerebral cortex have the nonlinear and dynamic features. Accurate temporal coordination is necessary for the establishment of functional networks and assemblies. The brain is a complex and self-organized system with serial operations involved in highly interconnected networks. … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Connectome | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Mindfulness and Psychotherapy: How It can Help

Psychotherapies containing mindfulness elements have increased to more than 40% (Simon, 2007). Mindfulness is becoming a “transtheoretical” construct and a major perceptual process in psychotherapies. Scientific studies of meditation are transforming meditation into the main stream. The focus of the … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mind-Body, Mindfulness, Psychology, Psychotherapy | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Microglia, Polydendrocytes, Ependymal cells, and the Embryonic Neural Tube

Microglia are macrophages in the brain. Macrophages are the immune cells in the blood and other parts of the body. Microglia can be activated upon neuronal damages or infections, to destroy foreign stuff or pathogens, as well as necrotic tissues. … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Nervous System, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Meditation, Brain Waves, and Brain Activities

Electroencephalogram (EEG) is an important method measuring the brain waves and the electrical activities of the brain. The slowest waves (about 0.5-2 cycles/second) are called delta waves. Those that cycle about 8-12 times/second are alpha waves. Those that cycle about … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Meditation | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Meditation, the Brain, Neurons, and Neurotransmitters

Meditation can help promote health in various dimensions, including physical, mental, spiritual, emotional, intellectual, and social. The scientific studies and the scans of the meditating brain found that the blood flow condition may be improved in the brain, with improved … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Meditation, Mind-Body | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neuroscience Data and Neuroinformatics

Neuroscience Data and Neuroinformatics   Neuroscience Data   At least 50% genes of the mammalian genome are expressed by the nervous system (Sutcliffe et al., 1991). To understand brain-related diseases, it is necessary to map and study the expression patterns … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Applications and Combination of Bioinformatics, Medical informatics, and Neuroinformatics

The Applications and Combination of Bioinformatics, Medical informatics, and Neuroinformatics   Mental disorders and other brain disorders such as anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, and visual impairments may account for at least one third of the worldwide burden of diseases (Wittchen et … Continue reading

Posted in Bioinformatics, Brain, Nervous System, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neuroinformatics Software and Ontology Tools

Neuroinformatics Software and Ontology Tools     Category Source Name Purposes/Features/Methods Contents Applications URL References Neuroimaging Informatics Tools BrainVisa (BV) For high resolution MR images To quantify global and regional variances About cortical anatomy A plug-in application for structural analysis … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment