What are the relationships among dysfunctional attitudes, stressful events, and genetic factors? How can these factors influence daily emotions?

A multi-level daily diary study among 104 young adults was done to find out the links (Conway et al., 2015). The study showed that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) Val66Met genotype was associated with elevated negative emotions in stressful environment.

In addition, internalizing symptoms may also be related to such negative emotions. The study indicated the close connections among the BDNF genotype, stress, and daily emotional fluctuations (Conway et al., 2015). However, the roles of dysfunctional attitudes and maladaptive beliefs still need to be determined.

The findings suggest that investigations at multiple levels may be necessary for the better understanding of psychopathology and prediction of emotional changes.


Conway CC, Slavich GM, Hammen C. Dysfunctional Attitudes and Affective Responses to Daily Stressors: Separating Cognitive, Genetic, and Clinical Influences on Stress Reactivity. Cognit Ther Res. 2015 Jun;39(3):366-377.

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