Obesity is closely related to eating behaviors including binge eating, emotional eating and external eating (O’Reilly et al., 2014). Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been found to be helpful for easing the obesity problem by improving eating behaviors.
A meta-analysis examined 21 published studies about the effects of mindfulness-based interventions on obesity-associated eating behaviors (O’Reilly et al., 2014). The MBIs included mindfulness-based stress reduction, the combination of mindfulness and cognitive behavioral methods, acceptance-based methods, as well as mindful eating trainings. The programs aimed at improving eating behaviors such as binge eating and dietary intake.
The analysis found that most of the studies observed obvious progress in the targeted obesity-associated eating behaviors including emotional eating and external eating (O’Reilly et al., 2014). Such findings support the potential applications of integrative interventions such as mindfulness-based strategies for weight management.
O’Reilly, G. A., Cook, L., Spruijt-Metz, D., & Black, D. S. (2014). Mindfulness-based interventions for obesity-related eating behaviours: a literature review. Obesity Reviews : An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity, 15(6), 453–61.