Cancer patients often have sleep problems that influence their quality of life and disease recovery. Mind-body interventions (MBIs) are known to improve sleep quality. It is necessary to find out if MBIs are also beneficial for improving the sleep quality in cancer patients.
A recent meta-analysis assessed the effects of mind-body methods on the sleep quality among cancer patients (Chiu et al., 2014). The parameters examined in the analysis included the intervention elements, the features of the participating subjects, the features of the training methodologies, and the changes in the sleep parameters.
The meta-analysis reviewed published reports on randomized controlled trials that were relevant to MBIs and sleep from electronic databases (Chiu et al., 2014). The study found that MBIs may have remarkable effects on sleep quality among cancer patients. In addition, the effect was continued for up to 3 months.
Such results support the applications of MBIs via multimodal approaches to promote sleep quality in cancer patients (Chiu et al., 2014). Further studies are needed to compare the effectiveness of the various mind-body methods and to explore the mechanisms of the beneficial effects.
Chiu HY, Chiang PC, Miao NF, Lin EY, Tsai PS. The effects of mind-body interventions on sleep in cancer patients: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Clin Psychiatry. 2014 Aug 19.