Meditation, Anxiety, and Stress Management

Stress, Chronic Diseases, and Psychoneuroimmunology

Stress, Depression, Inflammation, and Psychoneuroimmunology

Relaxation techniques including meditation are becoming popular approaches for anxiety problems. A meta-analysis of data from 10 years of trials compared various relaxation techniques including autogenic training, applied relaxation, and meditation (Manzoni et al., 2008).

The analysis found that meditation could have higher efficacy than other interventions among the volunteers and for longer treatments (Manzoni et al., 2008). According to the study, the relaxation trainings have been shown with consistent and significant efficacy in reducing anxiety.

For example, meditation-based stress management programs have been found effective in relieving the symptoms among patients with anxiety disorder. In an 8-week clinical trial done in South Korea, patients with anxiety disorder were assigned to either a meditation-based stress management program or an anxiety disorder education program (Lee et al., 2007). The outcomes were measured at 0, 2, 4, and 8 weeks of the program.

The study showed that compared to the education group, the meditation-based stress management group had remarkable improvement in the scores measuring anxiety and hostility (Lee et al., 2007). These studies have demonstrated the effectiveness of meditation-based strategies on anxiety.

References:

Lee, S. H., Ahn, S. C., et al. (2007) Effectiveness of a meditation-based stress management program as an adjunct to pharmacotherapy in patients with anxiety disorder. J Psychosom Res 62, 189-195.

Manzoni, G. M., Pagnini, F., et al. (2008) Relaxation training for anxiety: a ten-years systematic review with meta-analysis. BMC Psychiatry 8, 41.

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