Emotions, Stress, and Coping: A Summary of Theories and Concepts

 

Categories/Concepts/Structures

Theories

Features

Features/Contents

The autonomic system Cannon-Bard theory 2 messages from the brain area processing sensory information To the autonomic system
  To the limbic system
James-Lange theory Begins in the cerebral cortex, based on physical responses  
Schachter and Singer’s two-factor theory Cerebral cortex  
Autonomic response Situation assessment
Amygdala Emotion intra-personally    
Limbic system-face interactions Facial expression    
Basic emotions Evidences Facial expression  
Cross-cultural agreement  
Representative theories Ekman’s 6 basic emotions Anger

Disgust

Fear

Happiness

Sadness

Surprise

Plutchik’s 8 basic emotions Acceptance

Anger

Anticipation

Disgust

Fear

Joy

Sadness

Surprise

Stress theories Fight-or-flight reaction    
Eustress Good  
Distress Bad  
Acute stress Short-term  
Chronic stress Regularly  
The general adaptation syndrome (Seyle’s model) Alarm  
Resistance  
Exhaustion  
Stress degree factors (Lazarus) Appraisal  
Physical, material, psychological resources  
Other stressors  
Stress-illness Burnout  
Related psychological disorders Acute stress disorder (ASD)  
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)  
Psychosomatic diseases Skin disorders  
Ulcers  
Allergies  
Stress effects on health Negative beliefs, destructive lifestyles, poor health maintenance  
Coping strategies Factors Attitude  
Social support  
Constructive coping Realistic evaluation of the stressors  
Direct confrontation of the stressors  
Emotional response management  
Control of potentially harmful reactions  
Effective actions  
Systematic problem solving Problem defining
Brainstorming
Selecting the best possible strategy
Looking for social support  
Seeing the problem differently  
Constructive coping for non-negotiable problems (distraction) Relaxation  
Exercise  
Hobbies  
Humor  

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