Category Archives: Mind-Body

Mind-body medicine

Synapses, Gap Junctions, and Glia: Their Structures, Functions, and Features

Synapses are the regions between the terminal of an axon and the receptors on other cells. Neurotransmitters can bring the messages across the synapses. Synapses can be open or enclosed, large or small. Synaptic inputs can affect the neuron activities. … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Nervous System, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neurotransmitters and Their Functions

There are different types of neurotransmitters. For example, glutamate (glu) is involved in the excitation of the central nervous system (CNS). Aspartate (asp) is involved in the excitation of the brain and spinal cord. Gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is involved in … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Nervous System, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Stress Responses and Meditation

The fight-or-flight reaction is the body’s response to mental stress including job deadlines and major life changes. During this response, the stress hormones including adrenaline and cortisol are produced to promote your response capability. Your heart rate is faster to … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mindfulness, Stress | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Structure of the Neurons: Dendrites, Axons, and Membrane Potentials

Types of cells in the nervous system There are two types of cells in the nervous system. One type of cells are called neurons, the other type of cells are called glia. Studies have found that there are about 86 … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Nervous System, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Lucid Dreaming and Meditation

Lucid dreaming is having the awareness consciously when you are dreaming. Only about 20% of people have reported to have lucid dreams frequently. Having lucid dreams is a skill that can be trained and learned. It can also be considered … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mindfulness, Sleep | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Sleep Cycles, Meditation, and Brain Wave Patterns

We exist in our own subjective minds that cannot be separated from our personal perspective, which make it impossible to reach real objectivity. The brain waves during dream sleep are not much different from those during awake. Dream sleep is … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Meditation, Sleep | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Meditation, Brain Waves, and Brain Activities

Electroencephalogram (EEG) is an important method measuring the brain waves and the electrical activities of the brain. The slowest waves (about 0.5-2 cycles/second) are called delta waves. Those that cycle about 8-12 times/second are alpha waves. Those that cycle about … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Meditation | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Meditation, the Brain, Neurons, and Neurotransmitters

Meditation can help promote health in various dimensions, including physical, mental, spiritual, emotional, intellectual, and social. The scientific studies and the scans of the meditating brain found that the blood flow condition may be improved in the brain, with improved … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Meditation, Mind-Body | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Breathing Exercises, Concentration, and Meditation

Breathing exercises can be the beginning step of meditation. Breath control is called “pranayama” in Sanskrit. Here “prana” refers to the life force in the universe (in yoga philosophy). Breathing can infuse this life force into your body, while giving … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mindfulness | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Meditation and the Yin-Yang Harmony

If you feel that it is hard to achieve your life goals, you may need to be more focused, being more self-disciplined, being more visionary, with a better self-esteem. Meditation is a method that may help you build these inside. … Continue reading

Posted in Happiness, Meditation, Mind-Body, Mindfulness | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Practicing Mindfulness: A Mind-Body Scan Meditation

It may not be easy to practice meditation and mindfulness. However, this can be done step-by-step. You can begin with a mind-body scan. To do this, you can lie down comfortably and relax. You can close your eyes and have … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mind-Body, Mindfulness | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Meditation while Living: A Mindfulness Way for Prevention of Illnesses

We have learned to pay attention since childhood. However, most of us hardly pay attention to our mind-body connection. Mindfulness, a form of meditation that helps you become aware of each moment, can be achieved by paying attention to your … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mindfulness, Psychoneuroimmunology, Stress | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Enlightenment and Buddhism Meditation

What is enlightenment? In Hinduism, the word “enlightenment” is “Samadhi.” In Buddhism, it is called “nirvana.” It refers to the perfect condition that the self is completely integrated into “a sense of oneness with the universe.” It is a state … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mindfulness | Tagged , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Meditation as a Path toward Homeostasis and Happiness

As a useful tool for promoting the mind-body fitness, meditation can be integrated into your fitness program to train your mind and body concurrently just the same way as you train your muscles. While improving the connections between the mind … Continue reading

Posted in Happiness, Meditation, Mind-Body, Mindfulness, Psychoneuroimmunology | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Meditation for Stress Reduction and Healing Diseases

Although stress response is an adaptive reaction, long-term and chronic stress is harmful to health. Different people may have different symptoms and signs caused by stress. Adrenal glands are usually involved in stress responses and generate hormones including adrenaline and … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mind-Body, Stress | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Meditation Techniques and the Power of Meditation

What is the power of meditation? Meditation can boost the power of your mind, the power of your fitness and health, and the power for stress reduction. Meditation is not just sitting there and doing nothing, it is not a … Continue reading

Posted in Meditation, Mind-Body | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neuroscience Data and Neuroinformatics

Neuroscience Data and Neuroinformatics   Neuroscience Data   At least 50% genes of the mammalian genome are expressed by the nervous system (Sutcliffe et al., 1991). To understand brain-related diseases, it is necessary to map and study the expression patterns … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

The Applications and Combination of Bioinformatics, Medical informatics, and Neuroinformatics

The Applications and Combination of Bioinformatics, Medical informatics, and Neuroinformatics   Mental disorders and other brain disorders such as anxiety, depression, schizophrenia, and visual impairments may account for at least one third of the worldwide burden of diseases (Wittchen et … Continue reading

Posted in Bioinformatics, Brain, Nervous System, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neuroinformatics Software and Ontology Tools

Neuroinformatics Software and Ontology Tools     Category Source Name Purposes/Features/Methods Contents Applications URL References Neuroimaging Informatics Tools BrainVisa (BV) For high resolution MR images To quantify global and regional variances About cortical anatomy A plug-in application for structural analysis … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain: Different Species

Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain: Different Species   Species Source Name Purposes/Features/Methods Contents Applications URL References Mouse 3D digital atlas database of the mouse brain Lower spatial resolution images were utilized to enhance time efficiency for morphological phenotyping The in … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain-Related Diseases

Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain-Related Diseases Disease Source Name Purposes/Features/Methods Contents Applications URL References Autism National Database for Autism Research (NDAR) A secure database for data sharing, data harmonization, and collaboration in autism spectrum disorder researchers Data from more than … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neuroinformatics Databases for the Structure-Function Studies of the Brain

Neuroinformatics Databases for the Structure-Function Studies of the Brain     Category Source Name The Needs/Challenges Purposes/Features/Methods Contents Applications URL References Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain Structures The Internet Brain Volume Database (IBVD) Available data from neuroanatomic volumetric measurements; Various … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain Structures

Neuroinformatics Databases about the Brain Structures   The Internet Brain Volume Database (IBVD) (Kennedy et al., 2012) The URL: http://www.nitrc.org/projects/ibvd The background Publications available about Neuroanatomic volumetric observations Large data sets of volumetric measurements with variables of Specific species Structures … Continue reading

Posted in Brain, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

Neuroinformatics: An Introduction

Neuroinformatics: An Introduction The challenges in neuroinformatics   Challenges in making neuroinformatics databases and tools (Morse, 2008) The variety in spatial scales Various data types Traditional bioinformatics concentrates on Genomic and proteomic data Sequences (DNA, RNA, and protein molecules) Development … Continue reading

Posted in Bioinformatics, Brain, Nervous System, Neuroinformatics | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment