Category Archives: Mind-Body

Mind-body medicine

Saikosaponins and Coronaviruses

Saikosaponins (From Potential Antiviral Agents for Coronaviruses: Compounds, Herbal Products, and Drug Targets) Saikosaponins are oleanane derivatives including glucosides (Cheng et al., 2006). Saikosaponins are extracted from plants such as Bupleurum spp., Heteromorpha spp. and Scrophularia scorodonia. Saikosaponins have anti-inflammatory … Continue reading

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Antiviral Compounds and Human Coronavirus OC43

Antiviral Compounds and Human Coronavirus OC43 (From Potential Antiviral Agents for Coronaviruses: Compounds, Herbal Products, and Drug Targets) Stephania tetrandra and Menispermaceae contain the bis-benzylisoquinoline alkaloids tetrandrine (TET) (Kim et al., 2019). They also have fangchinoline (FAN) and cepharanthine (CEP). … Continue reading

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Herbal Extracts May Inhibit Coronavirus Replication

Herbal Extracts May Inhibit Coronavirus Replication (From Potential Antiviral Agents for Coronaviruses: Compounds, Herbal Products, and Drug Targets) Medicinal herbal extracts have been screened for their antiviral effects on coronavirus replication (Kim et al., 2008; Kim et al., 2010). The … Continue reading

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Antiviral Flavonoids from Houttuynia Cordata

Antiviral Flavonoids from Houttuynia Cordata (From Potential Antiviral Agents for Coronaviruses: Compounds, Herbal Products, and Drug Targets) The ethyl acetate (EA) fraction of Houttuynia cordata (H. cordata) Thunb. (Saururaceae) may have antiviral effects. It may be used against coronaviruses and … Continue reading

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Sabadinine, Houttuynia Cordata, and Coronaviruses

Sabadinine and Houttuynia Cordata (From Potential Antiviral Agents for Coronaviruses: Compounds, Herbal Products, and Drug Targets) The replication of CoVs relies on proteolytic processing (Toney et al., 2004). The major proteinase, 3C-like protease (3CLpro), may become a target for anti-SARS … Continue reading

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Glycyrrhizin, Cinnamomi Cortex, and Toona Sinensis Roem

Glycyrrhizin, Cinnamomi Cortex, and Toona Sinensis Roem (From Potential Antiviral Agents for Coronaviruses: Compounds, Herbal Products, and Drug Targets) Glycyrrhizin (GL) may suppress SARS-CoV replication (Hoever et al., 2005). The insertion of 2-acetamido-beta-d-glucopyranosylamine into the GL glycoside chain increased the … Continue reading

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The Antiviral Flavonoids for SARS-CoV and HCV

The Antiviral Flavonoids for SARS-CoV and HCV (From Potential Antiviral Agents for Coronaviruses: Compounds, Herbal Products, and Drug Targets) Aryl diketoacid (ADK) has antiviral effects that can be improved by adding an aromatic arylmethyl substituent (Park et al., 2012). A … Continue reading

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Emodin and the SARS Coronavirus

Emodin and the SARS Coronavirus (From Potential Antiviral Agents for Coronaviruses: Compounds, Herbal Products, and Drug Targets) SARS-CoV spike (S) protein is a type I membrane-bound protein (Ho et al., 2007). It has an elemental role for the viral attachment … Continue reading

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Antiviral Herbal Compounds for SARS-CoV Ion Channels

Antiviral Herbal Compounds for SARS-CoV Ion Channels (From Potential Antiviral Agents for Coronaviruses: Compounds, Herbal Products, and Drug Targets) The protein coded by the open-reading-frame 3a of SARS coronavirus may form a cation-selective channel (Schwarz et al., 2014). The channel … Continue reading

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Resources for Studying the 2019-nCoV Coronavirus (COVID-19): Databases and Tools

Resources for Studying the 2019-nCoV Coronavirus (COVID-19): Databases and Tools “human coronaviruses such as …endemic human coronaviruses (HCoV) can persist on inanimate surfaces like metal, glass or plastic for up to 9 days…” From Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces … Continue reading

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Potential Biomarkers of Obesity

For obesity with cardiovascular diseases: Peterson, S. J., Shapiro, J. I., Thompson, E., Singh, S., Liu, L., Weingarten, J. A., … Abraham, N. G. (2019). Oxidized HDL, Adipokines, and Endothelial Dysfunction: A Potential Biomarker Profile for Cardiovascular Risk in Women … Continue reading

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Psychoneuroimmunology and Anxiety: A Collection of Current Studies

Psychoneuroimmunology, Anxiety, Stress, and Inflammation Duivis HE, Vogelzangs N, Kupper N, de Jonge P, Penninx BW. Differential association of somatic and cognitive symptoms of depression and anxiety with inflammation: findings from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA). Psychoneuroendocrinology. … Continue reading

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Mindfulness, Behaviors, and Weight Loss

Can mindfulness trainings have effects on behaviors and weight control among those with overweight and obesity? A meta-analysis examined such possible effects from 12 randomized controlled trials (Ruffault et al., 2016). The studies were about the influences of mindfulness trainings … Continue reading

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Mindfulness and Obesity-Related Eating

Obesity is closely related to eating behaviors including binge eating, emotional eating and external eating (O’Reilly et al., 2014). Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) have been found to be helpful for easing the obesity problem by improving eating behaviors. A meta-analysis examined … Continue reading

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Mindfulness and Stress-Eating

Overweight and obesity problems have been associated with emotional eating behaviors, especially stress-related eating (Corsica et al., 2014). Although such problems are critical for weight management, it is not easy to provide effective interventions for improving eating behaviors. Potential interventions … Continue reading

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Mindful Decision-Making Training and Obesity

Excessive caloric intake such as the overeating of “junk” foods including salty snacks may contribute to the problem of obesity. Such eating decisions may be related to neurobiological preferences. The training of mindful decision-making processes may provide a helpful intervention … Continue reading

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Mindfulness, Emotional Eating, and Overweight

Mindfulness training may influence the eating habits and weight management. A recent study investigated the effects of a mindfulness and compassion-based method among 53 overweight or obese women (Palmeira et al., 2017). The study examined the possible influences of the … Continue reading

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Weight Loss Programs and Mindfulness Meditation for Obesity

Obesity is becoming a health crisis affecting more and more people. Clinical standard behavioral weight loss programs (SBWP) have been proposed to ease the problem (Spadaro et al., 2017). Such programs are often combined with trainings on mindfulness meditation (MM) … Continue reading

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Rhizoma Anemarrhenae for Infectious Diseases, Fever, and Diabetes

[Name] Rhizoma Anemarrhenae [Chinese Name] Zhi Mu [Parts Used and Preparation] Rhizome [Flavors in Chinese Medicine] Bitter, sweet; cold [Chinese Medicine Meridians/Channels] Lung, Stomach and Kidney [Actions in Chinese Medicine] The herb can clear the pathogenic Heat and Fire factors, … Continue reading

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Gypsum for Infectious Diseases, Fever, and Skin Disorders

[Name] Gypsum Fibrosum, CaSO4, Gypsum [Chinese Name] Shi Gao [Parts Used and Preparation] Gypsum (a mineral) [Flavors in Chinese Medicine] Pungent, sweet; very cold [Chinese Medicine Meridians/Channels] Lung and Stomach [Actions in Chinese Medicine] The material may clear the pathogenic … Continue reading

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Fructus Arctii for Sore Throat and Skin Rashes

[Name] Fructus Arctii, Arctium lappa [Chinese Name] Niu Bang Zi [Parts Used and Preparation] Fruits [Flavors in Chinese Medicine] Pungent, bitter; cold [Chinese Medicine Meridians/Channels] Lung and Stomach [Actions in Chinese Medicine] The herb may detoxify and relieve rashes and … Continue reading

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Bupleurum Root for Flu, Depression, and Fatigue

[Name] Bupleurum Root, Radix Bupleuri [Chinese Name] Chai Hu [Parts Used and Preparation] Roots [Flavors in Chinese Medicine] Bitter, pungent; slightly cold [Chinese Medicine Meridians/Channels] Liver, Gallbladder, and Pericardium [Actions in Chinese Medicine] The herb can expel exogenous pathogenic factors, … Continue reading

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Pueraria Roots for Fever, Headaches, Diarrhea, and Diabetes

[Name] Pueraria Root, Radix Puerariae [Chinese Name] Ge Gen [Parts Used and Preparation] Roots [Flavors in Chinese Medicine] Sweet, pungent; cool [Chinese Medicine Meridians/Channels] Spleen and Stomach [Actions in Chinese Medicine] The herb can dispel the pathogenic factors from the … Continue reading

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Chrysanthemum for flu, Headaches, and Blurred Vision

[Name] Chrysanthemum Flower, Flos Chrysanthemi [Chinese Name] Ju Hua [Parts Used and Preparation] Flowers [Flavors in Chinese Medicine] Sweet, bitter; slightly cold [Chinese Medicine Meridians/Channels] Liver and Lung [Actions in Chinese Medicine] The herb can expel the pathogenic wind factor, … Continue reading

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Mulberry Leaves for Flu, Cough, and Eye Inflammation

[Name] Mulberry Leaves, Folium Mori [Chinese Name] Sang Ye [Parts Used and Preparation] Leaves [Flavors in Chinese Medicine] Sweet, bitter; cold [Chinese Medicine Meridians/Channels] Lung and Liver [Actions in Chinese Medicine] The herb can expel pathogenic wind and heat factors, … Continue reading

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