Monthly Archives: June 2014

Psychoneuroimmunology, Stress Responses, and Chronic Inflammation

The interactions between the nervous and immune systems have been associated with psychosocial stress, peripheral inflammation, and chronic diseases (Liezmann et al., 2012; Peters et al., 2012). The concept of “inflammaging” refers to the premature aging with a pro-inflammatory condition … Continue reading

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PPARs, Psychoneuroimmunology, and Potential Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders

Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors (PPARs) are a group of transcription factors that play important roles in glucose homeostasis, fatty acid and lipoprotein metabolism, and immune responses (Rolland et al., 2013). They are involved in the regulation of cellular proliferation and differentiation, … Continue reading

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The C-reactive Protein, Socioeconomic Status, Stress, and Inflammation

Psychological stress has been associated with elevated inflammation and the risks of many physical illnesses such as heart disease. However, individual coping strategies may affect stress responses and inflammatory processes, leading to different health results in different people.  For example, … Continue reading

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Psychoneuroimmunology and Addictive Disorders: Potential New Therapies

Addictive disorders are often chronic relapsing problems with high health, social, and economic costs. Problems such as alcohol use disorders affect about 76.4 million people globally, and drug use disorders affect about 15.3 million people (Loftis and Huckans, 2013). As … Continue reading

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Stress Responses, and Personalized Care

The symptoms of trauma-related disorders include both psychological and physiological signs. Evolutionary perspectives of trauma-related disorders have related the primitive mechanisms such as sensitization and dissolution to the stress responses for survival (Baldwin, 2013). The psychological and physiological reactions are … Continue reading

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