Monthly Archives: March 2014

Effects of Psychosocial Therapies for Cancer Patients: Psychoneuroimmunology (PNI)-Based Analysis

Cancer patients often have psychological problems too, such as stress and depression. It is critical to address the psychosocial demands of cancer patients. On the basis of the scientific studies of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI), methods in psychosocial therapies have been applied … Continue reading

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Music, Stress and Anxiety Relief, and Psychoneuroimmunology

Music is very beneficial for health, especially in the aspect of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI). Music has been found to have effects on various molecules including neurotransmitters, cytokines, and immunoglobulins (Fancourt et al., 2013). Music may influence the stress pathways and immune … Continue reading

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Childhood Trauma, Life Stress, and Risk Factors for Chronic Fatigue

Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a common health problem, especially in cancer survivors. To provide better care and prevention for patients with fatigue, it is important to understand the risk factors for this health problem. Studies have linked childhood stress … Continue reading

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Grief, Bereavement and Immune Dysfunction: The Role of Psychoneuroimmunology

Mental and emotional reactions such as grief and bereavement have been linked to cortisol responses and neuroendocrine activations, as well as alterations in electroencephalography (EEG) records and sleep disorders (Buckley et al., 2012). More importantly, bereavement has been suggested to … Continue reading

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Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), Cytokines, and Immune Functions

Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been associated with the malfunctions of multiple biological systems and pathways, especially the cytokines of the immune system. The altered immune functions may influence crucial neurodevelopmental processes (Napolioni et al., 2013). For example, the cytokines … Continue reading

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Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Infections, Psychological Stress, and Mood Disorders

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a beta-herpes virus that may be associated with aging and many health problems. The infection of CMV can be asymptomatic. However, higher levels of serum cytokines including TNF-alpha and IL-6 have been observed in CMV infections, which … Continue reading

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