Dictionary of Chinese Medicine Terms and Glossary: Basic Concepts and Theories (1)

[Chinese Term]

[Chinese Pin Yin Term]

Tian Ren Xiang Ying

[English Terms and Translations]

The corresponding relationship between nature and human

[Explanation]

The humans should be adapted to the nature. The human body conditions, including the physical structure, physiological and pathological changes are related to the natural environment.

[Chinese Term]

[Chinese Pin Yin Term]

Zheng Ti Guan Nian

[English Terms and Translations]

Holistic concept

[Explanation]

The human body is an organic whole, with the integration of the interior and exterior parts, the upper and the lower parts, as well as the correspondence between the human body and the natural and social environmental factors.

[Chinese Term]

[Chinese Pin Yin Term]

Bian Zheng Lun Zhi

[English Terms and Translations]

Treatment based on diagnosis, analysis, and differentiation of patterns and syndromes

[Explanation]

Treatment based on comprehensive diagnosis, analysis, and differentiation of symptoms and signs, including the cause factors, the patient’s physical condition, and the nature, location, and stage of the disease. The decision is made based on the data collection from the four examination methods, including looking, hearing and smelling, asking, and pulse taking methods. Basic Chinese medicine theories of viscera, meridian, and pathology are applied to help with the decision.

[Chinese Term]

[Chinese Pin Yin Term]

Bian Zheng

[English Terms and Translations]

Comprehensive diagnosis and differentiation of patterns and syndromes

[Explanation]

Comprehensive and diagnosis based on the analysis, identification, and differentiation of symptoms and signs according to the data collection from the four examination methods and basic Chinese medicine theories of viscera, meridian, and pathology.

[Related Terms]

Bian Zheng Lun Zhi, Treatment based on diagnosis, analysis, and differentiation of patterns and syndromes

[Chinese Term]

[Chinese Pin Yin Term]

Bian Zheng Qiu Yin

[English Terms and Translations]

Comprehensive diagnosis and differentiation of patterns to find the root cause

[Explanation]

Comprehensive diagnosis, differentiation, and identification of different patterns and syndromes to find the root cause and decide the etiology and pathogenesis of the illness.

[Related Terms]

Bian Zheng Lun Zhi, Treatment based on diagnosis, analysis, and differentiation of patterns and syndromes

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Auricular acupuncture for pregnancy-associated low back and posterior pelvic pain

Health Condition:

Lower back and posterior pelvic pain.

Methods:

Auricular press needles at 3 points (Wang et al., 2009):

- Kidney

- Analgesia

- Shenmen

Leave needles in place for 7 days before removing them.

After the placement of the needles, the patients are told to inspect the integrity of the tape over the needles daily but not to use any pressure or manipulation.

Clinical trial records (Wang et al., 2009):

Patients:

159 pregnant women with lower back and posterior pelvic pain.

Evaluation:

3 groups were examined in pain and the disability rating index score, monitored for 2 weeks:

- Acupuncture group

- Sham acupuncture group

- Waiting list control group

Comparisons:

- Compared with the two other groups, patients in the acupuncture group had a significant decrease of pain and better functional status.

Effects:

7 days of continuous auricular acupuncture reduced the low back and posterior pelvic pain, as well as disability in pregnant women.

Reference and data source:

Wang, S. M., Dezinno, P., et al. (2009) Auricular acupuncture as a treatment for pregnant women who have low back and posterior pelvic pain: a pilot study. Am J Obstet Gynecol 201, 271 e271-279.

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Shiatsu can help reducing pain and anxiety levels in patients with lower back pain

Background:
Shiatsu: a type of massage (or acupressure) using thumb and finger pressure at acupuncture points (Brady et al., 2001).

Methods:
A full-body shiatsu treatment for 50 to 60 minutes (Brady et al., 2001).

Clinical trial records:
66 patients with low back pain.
Evaluation:
Each individual was measured before and after four shiatsu treatments on:
- State/trait anxiety, using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory.
- Pain level, self-report using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS).
Comparisons:
- After the treatment, both pain and anxiety reduced significantly.
- The results have no difference considering variables of: gender, age, gender of therapist, length of history with lower back pain, and medications taken for lower back pain.
Effects:
Shiatsu massage is effective for relieving lower back pain.

Reference and data source:
Brady, L. H., Henry, K., et al. (2001) The effects of shiatsu on lower back pain. J Holist Nurs 19, 57-70.

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